Chapter 6 Futures: Unfrozen

Ice has been central to Newfoundland identity. But what will happen when the ice is gone? This chapter considers the relationship between ice, identity, and climate change.

Activities and Prompts

Activity: Read this chapter together with Ashlee Cunsolo and Neville R. Ellis’ recent work on ecological grief, “Ecological grief as a mental health response to climate change-related loss” (2018) and “Hope and Mourning in the Anthropocene: Understanding Ecological Grief” (2018) and watch the documentaries, Lament for the Land, produced by Ashlee Cunsolo and the communities of Nunatsiavut, Meshkanu, about Innu elder and environmental activist Elizabeth Penashue’s annual March trek across the rivers, mountains, and lands she has called home, and What Does the Water Remember, produced by FemNorthNet and the Canadian Research Institute for the Advancement of Women. Consider how each informs the other and where this larger conversation might take you.


Iceberg, Ferryland, Newfoundland and Labrador. Photo credit: Sonja Boon
Pack ice, Outer Cove, Newfoundland and Labrador. Photo credit: Sonja Boon
Pack Ice, Outer Cove, Newfoundland and Labrador. Photo credit: Sonja Boon
Ice, Avalon Peninsula, Newfoundland and Labrador. Photo credit: Sonja Boon
Ice, Avalon Peninsula, Newfoundland and Labrador. Photo credit: Sonja Boon
Cathedral iceberg, Cape Spear, Newfoundland and Labrador. Photo credit: Sonja Boon
Ice waterfall, Middle Cove Beach, Newfoundland and Labrador. Photo credit: Sonja Boon


Alaimo, Stacy. 2010. Bodily natures: Science, environment, and the material self. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Alaimo, Stacy. 2012. Sustainable this, sustainable that: New materialisms, posthumanism, and unknown futures. PMLA: Publications of the Modern Language Associationof America, 127.3: 558-64. doi: 10.1632/pmla.2012.127.3.558.

Albeck-Ripka, Livia. 2017. “Why lost ice means lost hope for an Inuit village.” New York Times. Accessed 20 March 2018.

Barad, Karen. 2007. Meeting the universe halfway: Quantum physics and the entanglement of matter and meaning. Durham, North Carolina: Duke University Press.

Braidotti, Rosi. 2002. Metamorphoses: Towards a materialist theory of becoming. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Braidotti, Rosi. 2014. Writing as a nomadic subject. Comparative Critical Studies11.2-3: 163-84. doi: 10.3366/ccs.2014.0122.

Bravo, Michael. 2009. Sea ice mapping: Ontology, mechanics and human rights at the ice floe edge. In High places: Cultural geographies of mountains, ice and science, eds. Denis Cosgrove and Veronica Della Dora, 162-77. London: I.B. Tauris.

Brown, Cassie and Harold Horwood. 1972. Death on the ice: The great Newfoundland sealing disaster of 1914. Toronto: Doubleday.

Carter, Paul. 1999. Dark with excess of bright: Mapping the coastlines of knowledge. In Mappings, ed. Denis Cosgrove, 125-47. London: Reaktion.

Charman, Caitlin. 2010. A littoral place: Loss and environment in contemporary Newfoundland fiction. PhD dissertation. Queen’s University.

Cunsolo Willox, Ashlee. 2012. Climate change as the work of mourning. Ethics & The Environment 17.2: 137-164.

Cruikshank, Julie. 2005. Do glaciers speak? Local knowledge, colonial encounters, and social imagination. Vancouver: UBC Press.

Ford, James D. et al. 2014. Adapting to the effects of climate change on Inuit health. American Journal of Public Health 104.S3: e9-17. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2013.301724.

Goudie, Elizabeth. 1973. Woman of Labrador. Toronto: Peter Martin Associates.

Hallett, Vicki. 2010. Continuous erosion: Place and identity in the lives of Newfoundland women. In Despite this loss: Essays on culture, memory and identity in Newfoundland and Labrador, eds. Ursula A. Kelly and Elizabeth Yeoman, 74-91. St. John’s: ISER Books.

Hallett, Vicki. 2016a. “Cold water cowboys and Newfoundland masculinity.” Acadiensis. Accessed 18 March 2018.

Hallett, Vicki. 2016b. Fluid possibilities: Theorizing life writing at the confluence of decolonial and post-colonial approaches in Newfoundland and Labrador. Newfoundland and Labrador Studies 31.2: 316-28.

Jones, Owain. 2005. An ecology of emotion, memory, self and landscape. In Emotional Geographies, eds. Joyce Davidson, Liz Bondi, and Mick Smith, 205-18. Aldershot: Ashgate.

Johnston, Wayne. 1998. The colony of unrequited dreams. Toronto: Knopf.

Kavanagah, Peter. 1996. Gaff topsails. Toronto: Viking.

Morgan, Bernice. 1992. Random passage. St. John’s: Breakwater Books.

Neimanis, Astrida. 2013. Feminist subjectivity, watered. Feminist Review 103: 23-31. doi: 10.1057/fr.2012.25.

Neimanis, Astrida. 2017. Bodies of water: Posthuman feminist phenomenology. Sydney: Bloomsbury.

Pratt, Mary Louise. 2002. The arts of the contact zone. In Ways of reading: An anthology for writers, eds. David Bartholomae and Anthony Petrosky, 604-62. Boston: Bedford-St. Martin’s.

Rose, Deborah Bird. 2007. Justice and longing. In Fresh water: New perspectives on water in Australia, eds. Emily Potter, Alison Mackinnon, Stephen McKenzie and Jennifer McKay, 8-20. Melbourne: Melbourne University Publishing.

Sedgwick, Eve Kosofsky. 2003. Touching feeling: Affect, pedagogy, performativity. Durham and London: Duke University Press.

Sörlin, Sverker. 2017. Do glaciers speak?: The political aesthetics of vo/ice. In Methodological challenges in nature-culture and environmental history research, eds. Jocelyn Thorpe, Stephanie Rutherford, and L. Anders Sandberg, 13-30. New York: Routledge.

Steinberg, Philip and Berit Kristoffersen. 2017. “The ice edge is lost… nature moved it”: Mapping ice as state practice in the Canadian and Norwegian North. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers 42.4: 625-41. doi: 10.1111/tran.12184.

Wright, Kate. 2014. Becoming-with: Living lexicon for the environmental humanities. Environmental Humanities 5: 277-81. doi:10.1215/22011919-3615514.


(c) Sonja Boon, Lesley Butler, and Daze Jefferies, 2018.